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What is ACCA?

ACCA stands for the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants a leading international accountancy body. The ACCA qualification is recognised and is treated in other countries as being equivalent to their local qualification.

The ACCA qualification proves to employers that you have ability in all aspects of business.

It is the largest and fastest growing qualification in the world, with over 500,000 members and students in 170 countries

Practical Experience Requirement

Being a confident, inspiring and trusted professional comes with experience so to qualify as an ACCA member you must complete a minimum 36 months’ relevant work experience and achieve 9 performance objectives.

Your time in a relevant role and performance objectives need to be signed off by a practical experience supervisor. The practical experience requirement allows you to put the knowledge learnt through your studies into practice in a real work environment.

Benefits of the ACCA qualification

  • enables you to become a Chartered Certified Accountant, use the designatory letters ACCA, and work in any aspect of finance or management in any business.
  • better employment prospects as a result of having shown an ability in all areas of business.
  • assures an employer that you have the skills necessary to progress to more senior management positions.
  • higher status in the eyes of an employer, and also your clients
  • It is the largest and fastest-growing global professional accountancy body in the world, with over 320,000 members and students in 170 countries
  • gaining such a qualification is evidence that the holder possesses skills and knowledge which are in high demand by employers in industry, banking, auditing, consulting as well as other professions like taxation and law.
  • candidates not only gain specialist knowledge in finance and accounting, but also acquire valuable skills in organisational management and strategy
  • the qualification does not concentrate only on theory, and unlike Universities prepares a graduate for practical usage.
  • the qualification is based on international accounting and auditing standards and is IFAC compliant
  • The Professional qualification is of a high standard and is equivalent to completing full University Degree
  • with exams twice a year students can work while they study
  • personal satisfaction of having acquired the business skills

Three things you should know about ACCA

  1. The ACCA (“Association of Chartered Certified Accountants”) is a global professional body issuing highly respected and valued international qualifications in business. It is recognised by member states of the European Union and the United Nations.
  2. How to get the qualification? You have to pass a maximum of 13 exams in English and have relevant practical experience which you can gain in any business sector you are working in.
  3. You can take up to 4 exams each session, and you have 10 years to do it! Normally it takes 2 or 3 years to qualify.

Eligibility for ACCA

  • Al-level with 2 passes and 0-Level with 3 passes in subject including English and Mathematics
  • American Higher School Certificate with at least 50% marks
  • Graduation, B.A, BSc, or Equivalent bachelor qualification
  • Foundation Diploma
  • Matric and inter students can also join the ACCA through FIA route

For further details relating to ACCA

Click Here

Career route for Matric students

Career route for A Levels students and intermediate


What is ICAEW?

The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) is a professional membership organization of accountants and finance professionals. With its headquarters in London, the ICAEW was created in 1880 and today boasts over 180,000 members

  • The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) is a professional organization for accounting professionals.
  • It is headquartered in London, with additional offices and local branches throughout the world.
  • To become members of the ICAEW, candidates must first complete a series of rigorous exams, in addition to maintaining professional education and ethical conduct requirements.

How the ICAEW Works

  • As with other organizations such as the United States’ American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the purpose of the ICAEW is to ensure that those entering the accounting professional are equipped with consistently high standards of professional knowledge, competence, and ethical conduct. To that end, the ICAEW administers exams, provides career support services for accounting professionals, and publishes a Code of Ethics which its members are required to adhere to at all times.2
  • Although it is headquartered in London, the ICAEW has offices throughout the world, including branches in Beijing, Brussels, Dubai, and Vietnam.3 To become a member of the ICAEW, candidates must first obtain the ICAEW Chartered Accountant (ACA) designation. To do so, candidates must first complete at least three years of relevant work experience. Once they are ready to write the ACA exams, candidates must complete 15 modules of coursework focused on areas such as accountancy, finance, and business management. The ACA exam also places a strong emphasis on professional ethics.4
  • To help that their curriculum reflects new developments in the accounting profession, the ICAEW includes ten faculties, each dedicated to a specific area of focus within the industry and staffed by experienced professionals within each field. Through these faculties, the ICAEW develops new material in areas ranging from taxation and audit practices to information technology

There are over 1.8m chartered accountants and students around the world − talented, ethical and committed professionals who use their expertise to ensure we have a successful and sustainable future. More than 184,500 of these are ICAEW Chartered Accountants and students. We train, develop and support each one of them so that they have the knowledge and values to help build local and global economies that are sustainable, accountable and fair. We’ve been at the heart of the accountancy profession since we were founded in 1880 to ensure trust in business. We share our knowledge and insight with governments, regulators and business leaders worldwide as we believe accountancy is a force for positive economic change across the world.


What is FIA ?

areth Owen, ACCA qualifications manager, explains the structure of the Foundation-level qualifications and offers advice on appropriate entry points to offer better employment opportunities, higher exam success rates and promote stronger foundations for further study

The Foundation-level consists of the following seven qualifications:

  • ACCA Diploma in Financial and Management Accounting (RQF Level 2)
  • ACCA Diploma in Financial and Management Accounting (RQF Level 3)
  • ACCA Diploma in Accounting and Business (RQF Level 4)
  • ACCA Certificate in Audit (RQF Level 4)
  • ACCA Certificate in Taxation (RQF Level 4)
  • ACCA Certificate in Financial Management (RQF Level 4)
  • Certified Accounting Technician (CAT) Qualification.

There are 10 Foundation-level exams in total and you can select the exams you wish to take, each of which leads to the award of certain certificates and diplomas. All of the exams – except the foundation specialist awards in Audit, Tax and Financial Management – are available as computer-based exams. This means they can be taken on demand at any time of the year in ACCA licensed exam centres.

The flexibility of this structure gives you the widest possible choice about which qualifications to register for, the level of the programme at which to register and also about when, how often and in which order to take exams. In theory, regardless of your general education, your level of vocational skills or work experience, you can register directly for any of the seven qualifications above. However, with this choice must come a responsibility for you as a potential student to make an informed decision about what to register for and at which level.

This is important for two main reasons:

  • First, and most importantly, it is vital that you register at a level adequately supported by your general or vocational educational background and on the relevant experience you may possess, including your general maths and English language skills.
  • Second, the choice should be determined by where you are currently working or want to work and the specialism of work you are in or wish to be involved with.


What is OBU ?

ACCA and Oxford Brookes University have worked together to develop a BSc (Hons) Degree in Applied Accounting, which is available exclusively to ACCA students who wish to obtain a degree while studying towards the ACCA Qualification.

The Covid-19 pandemic means that these are testing and potentially stressful times for students. As a result, Oxford Brookes University has provided further guidance and support for students working on their Research and Analysis project. Our key priority is to ensure the health and safety of students and mentors. Therefore all mentoring, including the presentation to the mentor, must be conducted remotely. Visit the Oxford Brookes University website for further guidance.

Recognising the disruption many students will have experienced, the industry sectors for P40 will also be valid for P41 (November 20) and P42 (May 2021). Visit the Oxford Brookes University website for further information.

Oxford Brookes and ACCA would like to wish you all the best during these difficult times and hope these measures allow students to continue to move ahead with their degree with as minimal disruption as possible.

Eligibility for the degree

You can gain a BSc (Hons) degree in Applied Accounting while you work towards achieving your ACCA Qualification.

To be awarded the Oxford Brookes BSc (Hons) in Applied Accounting you must:

  • Complete all ACCA Applied Knowledge and Applied Skills exams - including taking and passing Financial Reporting (FR), Audit and Assurance (AA) and Financial Management (FM).• Complete all ACCA Applied Knowledge and Applied Skills exams - including taking and passing Financial Reporting (FR), Audit and Assurance (AA) and Financial Management (FM).
  • Complete and pass the Oxford Brookes University Research and Analysis Project.
  • Complete the ACCA Ethics and Professional Skills module according to the Research and Analysis Project submission dates.

The degree must be completed within 10 years of the earliest date of your first examination pass or the date of your first ACCA exemption being granted otherwise your eligibility will be withdrawn.


Certified Internal Auditor of Pakistan (CIAP) Eligibility Requirements

Candidates in the CIA program agree to accept the conditions of the program, including eligibility requirements, exam confidentiality,

Code of Ethics, and Continuing Professional Education (CPE), along with other conditions enacted by The CIAP's Professional Certification Board (PCB).


CIA candidates must meet the following eligibility requirements for education, character, and work experience.


CIA candidates must hold a 4-year post-secondary degree (or higher) or its educational equivalent from an accredited university. For further details, please refer to the Certification Candidate Handbook. Please note that The CIAP will not accept any amount of experience to substitute for missing education requirements.

Acceptable Documents:

Copy of your degree or official transcripts (If your name has changed since you earned your degree, you must also include your legal name change document.)

Work Experience

CIA candidates must obtain a minimum of 24 months of internal auditing experience or its equivalent. A Master’s degree can substitute for 12 of the required 24 months. Please refer to the Certification Candidate Handbook for more details. A completed Experience Verification Form is required. Candidates may apply to the program and sit for the exam prior to satisfying the professional experience requirement, but will not be certified until all program requirements have been met.

Eligibility Period

The certification program’s eligibility requires candidates to complete the program certification process within four years of application approval. If a candidate has not completed the certification process within four years, all fees and exam parts will be forfeited.


The CIA exam is a non-disclosed examination. Candidates in the program agree to keep the contents of the exam confidential and therefore may not discuss the specific exam content with anyone except The CIAP's Certification Department. Unauthorized disclosure of exam material will be considered a breach of the Code of Ethics and could result in disqualification of the candidate or other appropriate censure.

Code of Ethics

CIA candidates agree to abide by the Code of Ethics established by The CIAP.

Continuing Professional Education (CPE)

Upon certification, CIAs are required to maintain their knowledge and skills and stay abreast of improvements and current developments by satisfying CPE requirements.

CIAP Membership

In most cases, you do not have to be a member of The CIAP to take the CIA exam or become a CIA, but we encourage you to consider its advantages. There are some countries, however, that do require candidates to be CIAP members to take the CIA exam.

CIAP members receive discounts on CIA review materials and courses and have access to the latest exam preparation resources, networking opportunities, and current CIA news and information. In addition, CPE reporting for CIAs who are CIAP members is free.


Why the CFA Program Is Right for You?

As an aspiring or practicing investment professional, you need the knowledge and skills to thrive in a highly competitive industry. The CFA Program is designed to equip you with the kind of expertise and real-world skills in investment analysis that will help you advance your career. Whether you are a practicing investment professional, a student, switching careers or looking to start a career in this field, the CFA Program offers a way to move forward and achieve your professional goals.

What Is a CFA Charter?

A Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA®) charter is a designation given to those who have completed the CFA® Program and completed acceptable work experience requirements.

The CFA Program is a three-part exam that tests the fundamentals of investment tools, valuing assets, portfolio management, and wealth planning. The CFA Program is typically completed by those with backgrounds in finance, accounting, economics, or business. CFA charterholders earn the right to use the CFA designation after program completion, application, and acceptance by CFA Institute. CFA charterholders are qualified to work in senior and executive positions in investment management, risk management, asset management, and more.

Why Choose a Career in Investment Management?

Firms and professionals in the investment management industry are stewards of capital – they help clients make investment decisions, invest their money, and provide services to enhance financial markets. The scope of these services can include trading, asset management – constructing and managing investment portfolios and funds – and regulation of these systems. Enrolling in the CFA Program and earning the CFA charter prepares and positions you for a variety of career paths in the investment management industry.

Career Paths and Jobs for CFA® Charterholders

Widely considered the apex for professional development in investment management, the CFA designation is valued by employers for roles and functions in every sector of the global finance industry, including portfolio management, analysis, private wealth, and consulting. But the CFA charter also equips professionals with the versatility to take their career paths in different directions.


What is ICMA ?

The Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan (ICMA Pakistan) was established in 1951 with the objective to regulate and promote the profession of Management Accounting in Pakistan. By virtue of the authority vested in by the Act and Regulations, the Institute has been entrusted with the responsibility to provide education, examine competencies and confer internationally recognized post-graduate professional certification. After qualifying and fulfilling prescribed requirement of membership, the Institute awards following designations:

Associate Cost and Management Accountant (ACMA) | Fellow Cost and Management Accountant (FCMA)

The Institute is chartered under Cost and Management Accountants Act No. XIV of 1966 of the Parliament of Pakistan and its activities are governed under Cost and Management Accountants Regulations 1990.

Presently, Institute has around 7,000 members. These members are serving on senior management positions such as CEOs, CFOs, COOs, CIAs, Company Secretaries, Financial Analysts, Public Practitioners, Management Consultants, etc, hence making significant contributions towards business growth and economic development.

The Institute, currently, has over 15,000 students, more than 200 faculty members, over 260 employees, 07 regional and 06 overseas Branch Councils, 11 education campuses and 20 examination centres. The Institute is providing Education, conducting Examinations, organizing Corporate Trainings, holding CPD Programs, undertaking Research work and engaged in Publications.

In addition to this, the Institute is also actively involved in providing technical support to the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Commerce, Planning Commission, Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan, State Bank of Pakistan, Federal Board of Revenue, Accountant General of Pakistan Revenues, Auditor General of Pakistan, Competition Commission of Pakistan, other ministries, regulators and policy making organizations.

Entry Routes & Eligibility

  • Masters (16 Years)
  • Bachelors (14 Years)
  • Intermediate (HSSC)/A-Level (12 Years of Schooling)

The duration of the program is dependent upon the entry route from which a student is joining the CMA Program.

Provisional Admission

Candidates who have appeared in Intermediate Part-II examination or appeared in all papers of A-Level examination and waiting for their result are eligible to take provisional admission in Operational Level.

However, registration will be granted on submission of final pass mark sheet/ certificate. Provisional students are not eligible for sitting in examination of respective level.

Admission Procedure

Registration, admission and waiver forms are available at all the centres and also on ICMA Pakistan's website ( Candidates must follow the instructions and ensure that the required information has been provided while filling in the forms. The items which are not applicable should be crossed (X). The candidates must state in the admission form whether enrolment is desired for the Coaching Classes or Distance Learning Programme (DLP).

In case of coaching programme, it should be stated whether it is required in morning or evening.

The students, who are interested to take Distance Learning Programme (DLP) and coaching for different subjects, are required to tick the appropriate box in the admission form.

Students should fill in the waiver Form, in case they want to apply for waiver from available subjects.

Documents to be Provided
The students are required to produce the original documents to the office of the Institute for attestation of copies thereof.

Candidates seeking admission in 'Distance Learning Programme' (DLP) are required to send the prescribed forms along with copies of documents (attested by the officer in-charge of the nearest office of the Institute), to the nearest center offering the facility at Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad.

Overseas candidates are required to send copies attested by the Pakistani Embassy to the Institute's Karachi or Lahore or Islamabad center.

The foreign students are required to obtain N.O.C from Government of Pakistan before applying to in the Institute's programme.

Sr# Documents Required Quantity
1 Matriculation Certificate 2
2 Intermediate / A Level Grade Sheet 2
3 Graduate Transcript (if hold) 2
4 Masters Transcript (if hold) 2
5 CNIC / Form 'B' 2
6 Photograph 2


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